Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease in which a person’s pancreas stops producing insulin, a hormone that enables people to get energy from food. It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, called beta cells. While its causes are not yet entirely understood, scientists believe that both genetic factors and environmental triggers are involved. Its onset has nothing to do with diet or lifestyle. There is nothing you can do to prevent T1D, and—at present—nothing you can do to get rid of it.
Whom T1D Affects
Type 1 diabetes strikes both children and adults at any age. It comes on suddenly, causes dependence on injected or pumped insulin for life, and carries the constant threat of devastating complications.
How T1D Is Managed
Living with T1D is a constant challenge. People with the disease must carefully balance insulin doses (either by injections multiple times a day or continuous infusion through a pump) with eating and other activities throughout the day and night. They must also measure their blood-glucose level by pricking their fingers for blood six or more times a day. Despite this constant attention, people with T1D still run the risk of dangerous high or low blood-glucose levels, both of which can be life threatening. People with T1D overcome these challenges on a daily basis.
Insulin Is Not a Cure
While insulin injections or infusion allow a person with T1D to stay alive, they do not cure the disease, nor do they necessarily prevent the possibility of the disease’s serious effects, which may include: kidney failure, blindness, nerve damage, heart attack, stroke, and pregnancy complications. But here i have discussed the usages of insulin cooler. Hope it will help you to take the right decision
Read more: jdrf.org/about-jdrf/fact-sheets/type-1-diabetes-facts
Diabetes cannot be transmitted from one person to another. Unlike the common cold, you cannot “catch” diabetes. However, both the number of cases of diabetes and the number of deaths from this disease have been increasing. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), deaths due to diabetes complications increased 45 percent between 1987 and 2009, and 7.8 percent of Americans currently have the disease. While travelling, also don’t forget to carry diabetes bags.
Risk factors for developing diabetes have increased with the number of diabetes cases. These risk factors include: obesity, sedentary lifestyle, being in a minority race and genetics, according to the ADA. The Weight-control Information Network (WIN) reports the conclusions of the National Center for Health Statistics that in the United States in 2005, 2/3 of adults were overweight and 1/3 obese. Since 1960, the number of overweight adults has increased from 44.8 to 66 percent, and the number of obese doubled from 13.3 to 32.1 percent. At the same time that obesity increased, the number of cases of diabetes increased, according to the journal Diabetes Care. Rather than diabetes spreading between people, the increased practice of the modern American lifestyle—too much food and not enough exercise, leading to obesity—puts people at risk for diabetes. This gives the illusion that diabetes can spread as a communicable disease.
How Diabetes Spreads Throughout the Body
The high blood sugar levels resulting from uncontrolled diabetes affect every system of the body. Excessive sugar in the blood damages blood vessels throughout the body by attaching to their proteins. This weakens the structure of the blood vessels by hardening and thickening them.
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Damage to the blood vessels results in damage to several systems and organs at once, according to the website GeneticHealth. Hardening of the arteries increases the chance of heart attack and stroke, as both the brain and heart rely on proper blood flow to provide them with nutrients. Ballooning blood vessels in the eyes and kidneys can leak, permanently damaging the kidneys or retina. GeneticHealth also reports that weakening of the arteries due to high blood sugar can damage nerves, preventing the diabetic from perceiving injuries in the extremities.
Read more: ehow.com/how-does_5467247_diabetes-spread.html